OVERALL STATUS OF WOMEN IN AFRICA
African women have been working in agriculture, trading, and other economic endeavours, but most of them are employed in the informal sector. In 1985, women’s labour force participation in Africa ranged from 17% in Mali to 49% in Mozambique and Tanzania according to World Bank, 1985.
African women are the guardian of their children’s welfare and have a clear obligation to provide materially for them. They are the household administrators, responsible for providing food, nutrition, water, health, education, and family planning to a higher extent than in other developing countries.
There are around 195 countries on planet Earth today. Their customs and traditions vary according to their location. People living in Africa own a different style of living than the rest of the world. African women spend most of their time looking after their children. Education is not common for women in Africa as well.
Practical life is not easy for African women. She has to fulfil a number of duties every day. Life is not exactly luxurious for her. Sometimes the basic necessities of life are not even provided. An African woman has to give birth despite the shortage of food in her pregnancy. Furthermore, the rate of malnutrition in Africa is also very high.
SURPRISING STORY OF NIINA
Niina a widow, lives in Mbigiri Tanzania. She belongs to the Maasi community and has 7 children. HerWords has had the opportunity to speak with Niina and get some very important information on the roles of an African woman and what she has lacked. Like many African women, Niina has a lot of responsibilities. These include raising children, preparing family meals, building a house, fetching water and herding livestock. Moreover, she has to earn money in times of need. Being a mother, she also has to attend to her kids too.
Niina tell us her story about being a young girl. she got married at a young age and did not get a chance to go to school. According to her,
“A woman has got many responsibilities to perform, and she is actually being bullied. Therefore, due to those responsibilities that I had to fulfill at home, I did not get a chance to do entrepreneurship to earn income. After my husband died in 2017, it was difficult to raise a family alone. Life started to become really difficult.”
She worked hard to start a business for a source of monthly income. Currently, Niina has started entrepreneurship and now she is earning reasonable income. Listed below are some important things we noticed from Niina’s life.
5 MAJOR RESPONSIBILITIES OF AFRICAN WOMEN
Top 5 major responsibilities that each and every woman in Africa has to fulfill are as follow:
- Giving birth and raising the kids
- Cooking everyday meals
- Herding the cattle
- Earning money
4 COMMON SHORT COMINGS OF AFRICAN WOMEN
Following are 4 common shortcomings that women have in Africa, more often than not.
- Lack of education
- Absence of technical skills
- Weak protection under men
TOP 3 CHALLENGES FACED BY AFRICAN WOMEN
Listed below are top 3 challenges faced by almost every woman in Africa.
- Double burden of work and home
- Lack of authority
- Mental and physical abuse at home
On the whole, a woman is a main character in the development of a home and a family. A literate and skilled woman is better than an illiterate and unskilled woman. Similarly, for the formation of a prospering and successful nation in Africa, African Women should be provided with their basic rights. Every woman should get education and learn at least a single skill. They must be respected, protected and empowered. Finally, Government and officials should play their role in this perspective.
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